Category Archives: Jerusalem

Jerusalem: UN resolution rejects Trump’s declaration

Resolution no.: A/RES/ES-10/19 on 12/21/2017 (21st Dec) at 12:13:55 PM. Jerusalem motion at UNGC (two weeks after the Trump declaration) passed with overwhelming majority for the resolution and against the position of the United States. 128 states voted for the resolution, including all members of the UNSC except the United States.

9 countries out of 193 UN member states voted against the resolution: Canada, Guatemala, Honduras, Marshall Islands, Micronesia, Nauru, Palau, the United States and Israel. 35 countries abstained from the resolution including: Australia, Cameroon, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Philippines, Rwanda, Solomon Islands, South Sudan and Togo. Canada and Australia clearly did nothing for their white colonial settler image in this vote, although both Canada and Mexico are clearly in the throes of NAFTA renegotiations with Trump at the moment.

Others, significantly the ‘NATO’ front line in Eastern Europe (Latvia, Poland, Czech Republic, Hungary, Romania) also abstained, although plucky Estonia and Lithuania voted yes with the resolution.

21 states were absent.

Turkey and Yemen: draft resolution

Status of Jerusalem

The General Assembly,

Reaffirming its relevant resolutions, including resolution 72/15 of 30 November 2017 on Jerusalem,

Reaffirming also the relevant resolutions of the Security Council, including resolutions 242 (1967) of 22 November 1967, 252 (1968) of 21 May 1968, 267 (1969) of 3 July 1969, 298 (1971) of 25 September 1971, 338 (1973) of 22 October 1973, 446 (1979) of 22 March 1979, 465 (1980) of 1 March 1980, 476 (1980) of 30 June 1980, 478 (1980) of 20 August 1980 and 2334 (2016) of 23 December 2016,

Guided by the purposes and principles of the Charter of the United Nations, and reaffirming, inter alia, the inadmissibility of the acquisition of territory by force,

Bearing in mind the specific status of the Holy City of Jerusalem and, in particular, the need for the protection and preservation of the unique spiritual, religious and cultural dimensions of the city, as foreseen in relevant United Nations resolutions,

Stressing that Jerusalem is a final status issue to be resolved through negotiations in line with relevant United Nations resolutions,

Expressing, in this regard, its deep regret at recent decisions concerning the status of Jerusalem,

  1. Affirms that any decisions and actions which purport to have altered the character, status or demographic composition of the Holy City of Jerusalem have no legal effect, are null and void and must be rescinded in compliance with relevant resolutions of the Security Council, and in this regard calls upon all States to refrain from the establishment of diplomatic missions in the Holy City of Jerusalem, pursuant to Security Council resolution 478 (1980);
  2. Demands that all States comply with Security Council resolutions regarding the Holy City of Jerusalem, and not recognize any actions or measures contrary to those resolutions;
  3. Reiterates its call for the reversal of the negative trends on the ground that are imperilling the two-State solution and for the intensification and acceleration of international and regional efforts and support aimed at achieving, without delay, a comprehensive, just and lasting peace in the Middle East on the basis of the relevant United Nations resolutions, the Madrid terms of reference, including the principle of land for peace, the Arab Peace Initiative1 and the Quartet road map,2 and an end to the Israeli occupation that began in 1967;
  4. Decides to adjourn the tenth emergency special session temporarily and to authorize the President of the General Assembly at its most recent session to resume its meeting upon request from Member States.

 

 

The OIC in Istanbul: when a cat screeches…

Times are changing, and most reporting on the Organisation of Islamic Cooperation (OIC) is stuck in the past. The OIC was founded when a group of Israeli extremists started a fire at al-Aqsa mosque on 21 August 1969 with the hope of destroying it. It is based in Saudi-Arabia (and its current Secretary-General is Saudi: Yousef bin Ahmad Al-Othaimeen), and so in the past proceedings have predictably been dominated by Saudi politics.

It has, therefore, invariably issued fairly lame statements in reaction to Israeli infractions and atrocities, with little action ever displayed. The image that comes to mind is of an old Arab proverb said to originate with Imam Shafi’i: the dogs bark but the caravan moves on – الكلاب تنبح والقافلة تسير (which actually rhymes in Turkish it ürür, kervan yürür), where the caravan is the Israeli colonial project (and you know who the dogs are).

This year, however, the Presidency happened to be held by Turkey, and Erdoğan, who rarely misses a trick, took the opportunity of convening an emergency meeting of the OIC to Istanbul to respond to Trump’s outrageous infraction of international law in his unilateral US announcement of Jerusalem as the capital of Israel: 48 states responded to Erdoğan’s call within 7 days. The change of venue seems to have brought with it a change of mood. Dogs are second class citizens in Turkey – Turks, and Istanbulites in particular are crazy about cats. The metaphor of the barking dog therefore no longer applies. Erdoğan’s performance was more like a cat screeching. So what happens when a cat screeches?

Aside from Turkey leading the OIC conference to officially declare East Jerusalem the capital of Palestine, the Turks vowed to establish an embassy to Palestine there. Erdoğan is also using these declarations as the beginning of a major initiative in the UN both to support Palestinian rights and to sideline the US from any involvement in future Middle East peace talks. Mahmoud Abbas surprisingly echoed this demand, despite the normally supine attitude of the Palestinian Authority towards the US.

But there were a number of extremely important subtexts to the meeting, entirely missed or misunderstood by both Western and Arabic media. Iranian President Rouhani was grinning like a Cheshire cat, pleased that Turkey is in the front like diplomatically on this matter, whilst the overt confrontation in the Middle East is between the Trump administration and his country. The unprecedentedly close relationship between Turkey and Iran forged in the course of the Astana peace process was gaining even more oxygen.

The Trump administration’s irrationality in regard to the Jerusalem declaration has all but scuppered  US diplomatic credibility in the Middle East, irrespective of its purported ties to the Saudi and Emirati regimes. Now, its collapsing relations with Turkey (after the YPG problem and the Zarrab case, the Jerusalem declaration was the straw that broke the camel’s back) means that any hope of putting any kind of regional pressure on Iran, military or otherwise, is totally out of reach.

Some reporters pointed to the absence of the Saudi King at the OIC meeting, tarring the whole enterprise and the conference proceedings with the old ‘dogs barking’ brush. Mahmoud Abbas spent the day before with King Salman, who, under Trumpist influence, tried to bully him into withdrawing from the conference. It’s a surprise Salman’s son (MbS) didn’t try to kidnap Abbas, to force him to do his bidding, as he did recently in the case of a number senior Saudi royals, and the Lebanese Prime Minister Saad el-Hariri. But Abbas left promptly and backed Erdoğan’s call.

This in fact forced Salman’s hand. He couldn’t as Guardian of the Two Holy Mosques (Mecca and Medina) find himself at odds with the OIC decision, so he pre-empted it, by announcing his backing for the idea of East Jerusalem as the capital of Palestine. Abbas revelled in announcing this fact to the OIC conference. Some Arab reporters accused him of being undignified in – as it were – carrying Salman’s message for him. However, what Abbas in fact did was to highlight the impotence of the Saudi King before the determination of the other members of the OIC conference. It is a deep stain on the al-Saud that they didn’t attend, and yet still had to go along with the decisions of the conference.

What is worse for the Saudi King, is that Jordan’s King Abdulla, a long-time Saudi ally, took an independent line like Abbas. He also visited Salman prior to the OIC conference, was bullied just like Abbas, and wasn’t kidnapped by MbS. In his speech at the conference, Abdulla confirmed the Hashemite dynasty’s commitment to the protection of the Islamic Holy Places, and in doing so, upstaged the al-Saud. Abdulla’s Hashemite ancestors had traditionally been the guardians of the shrines in Mecca and Medina, only for the British to put the al-Saud in charge instead. Abdulla’s speech, quiet and balanced as it was, finally ripped apart the Islamic credentials of the Saudi upstarts.

So when a cat screeches… a bloody scratch follows